Master of Science in Journalism, West Virginia University School of Journalism, Morgantown, WV, 1983
Bachelor of Journalism, University of Missouri – Columbia School of Journalism, Columbia, MO 1981. Specialization in News/Editorial.
Associate in Arts, Ohio Valley College, Parkersburg, WV, 1978
Public Policy, West Virginia University Department of Political Science, Morgantown, WV 1983-1989. All doctoral degree requirements except comprehensive exams and dissertation. Specializations in Regulatory Policy and Public Administration.